Plantaže, the Giant of Montenegrin Wine

Featured photo credit: Plantaže

This article was originally written for Jancis Robinson and was published on The Purple PagesThis version of the article has been expanded with additional tasting notes and background stories. 

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A bottle of Plantaže from Montenegro was the first wine we had when we arrived in the Balkans. For our first meal in Belgrade, Serbia, we ordered a one-liter bottle of  Plantaže red wine at €3. The bottle was sealed with a metal crown cork bottle cap, which was removed with a beer-bottle opener. As primitive as it seemed, the wine was pleasant and tasted similar to a Salice Salentino from Puglia, Italy.

plantaze red wine montenegro
The first wine we had when we arrived in the Balkans: a one-liter bottle of Plantaže red wine.


Montenegro, the Country of Black Mountains

Montenegro was officially declared as an independent country in 2006. The country is blessed with a true Mediterranean climate, with cool breeze coming from the Adriatic Sea and cool mountain air descending from the towering mountains in the backdrop. The prominent wine-producing regions are close to the capital Podgorica and around Lake Skadar. In the decade-long effort to redefine its tourism and viticulture outside of the pretext of Yugoslavia, it is unfortunate that there aren’t more small wine producers in the country yet. One speculation is that the barriers to entry are high, including the market dominance of  the country’s biggest winery.

plantaze montenegro wine
Winemaker Bojan taking us through a 3D, topographic map of Plantaže.

Plantaže (full name: 13. jul Plantaže) is the biggest wine producer in Montenegro and probably the second biggest—after Tikveš, in Macedonia—among the ex-Yugoslavia countries. Its wines are ubiquitous throughout the entire Balkan region. From the supermarkets to the local grocery shops, cafes, restaurants, and hotels, Plantaže holds a spot in virtually every wine list and liquor store.

The winery is a partially state-owned operation and produces over 95% of Montenegro’s wine. Besides the domestic provision, it also exports wine to the rest of the Balkan region, Russia, and western Europe. The winery pumps out a mind-boggling amount of 16 to 17 million liters of wine every year. They fuel this massive production entirely from their own vines, including the largest single-plot vineyard in Europe. This single-plot vineyard stretches over 2,310 hectares with 11.5 million vines planted. The main share of the grapes planted is Vranac, which is about 70% in the vineyards. Most of the grapes are hand-harvest except for those that are used for their most basic wines.

One thing that’s particularly interesting to us is that for such a big-production winery, Plantaže does not focus on bulk wine. Check out our video review below to find out more about its production’s focus, which includes an ancient variety called Krstač.

The Plantaze estate is located 30 kilometers from the south Adriatic coast. The vineyards thrive under the sun for over three-quarter of the year and nourished by chalky, pebbly, and limestone soil.

After spending an entire day exploring their colossal estate, it was time to try some wine. We walked through one of their cellars, which was once used as a Yugoslavian air force base and was heavily bombed in the 1990s, before arriving at their ultra-premium wine production facility. At the tasting session, we had the opportunity to try their basic wines all the way to their top-end offerings.

In conclusion: the Plantaže basic wines are very serviceable (especially the Vranac Pro Corde), the mid-range wines are very good, and high-end wines show a surprising amount of character.

plantaze wine cellar montenegro
A former Yugoslavia’s air base now converted into Plantaze’s cellar.


Exotic Wine Travel’s Favorite Plantaže Wines

Plantaže Vladika 2012

A blend of 80% Vranac, 10% Cabernet Sauvignon, and 10% Merlot. This spends one year in barrique. The wine has notes of dark fruit, capsicum, and a touch of rubber. The flavors are rounded up nicely by a velvety texture yet polarized by mouthcoating tannins. The finish is long. This wine will appeal to fans of Old World wines and is very value for money.

Plantaže Vranac Reserve 2007

Vranac, whose name means “black horse”, is indigenous to Montenegro. It is a high-sugar, high-acid variety. People in the Balkan region say that working with Vranac is akin to taming a horse, because of its intractable acidity. This is a well-made Vranac that’s aged for five years (including three years in the bottle) prior to release. This wine is bursting with characteristics of chocolate and dark berries, perked up by smooth tannins. The wine is slightly rustic and reminds us of some Southern Italian wine. The acidity is high like most Vranac-based wines. 

Plantaže Stari Podrum 2011

Plantaže Stari Podrum Vranec - Merlot - Petit Verdot

Our favorite wine by Plantaže is the Stari Podrum 2011 (red label). The name Stari Podrum translates to “old cellar”. This wine is a blend of 60% Vranac, 30% Merlot, and 10% Petit Verdot. The grapes for this wine come from a smaller 60-hectare plot. The Plantaže Stari Podrum line consists of two different types of red wines; the other one being a varietal wine made from 100% Vranac (black label). We find this red label to be more accessible to the international palate and has a higher drinkability at the time of tasting. The Merlot adds plushness and the Petit Verdot provides more flavor and structure. The wine is aged for two years in French barriques, one year in large oak casks, and an additional year in the bottle before release. The blend definitely works as the wine gives off well-integrated notes of dark berry, violet, chocolate, coffee, and caramel flavors. The wine is fruit-forward; it feels complex, rich and heavy on the palate, yet not jammy. The acidity is perfect as it leads the flavors through a long end-palate. This tastes more like a New World-style wine, but with restraint. A wonderful wine that will appeal to the majority of wine lovers.

How’s the Wine Scene Like in Montenegro?

We’ve met several wine enthusiasts during our trips through the Balkans. A common question we get is: should I go to Montenegro? The short answer is: yes, absolutely! Just don’t expect to see a large variety of wines available besides Plantaže. Also, Montenegrin wine prices are generally higer-priced compared to its counterparts from neighboring countries. 

Here’s a look at some of the up-and-coming wine producers in Montenegro. The pickings are relatively slim but there’s still a lot in Montenegro waiting to be discovered. We’ll be covering some of the smaller producers in upcoming articles.

For us, when we found out that Europe’s biggest vineyard is located in Montenegro,  we already had a reason to visit the country. The vineyard and winery visit at 13. jul Plantaže was certainly a memorable experience.

bay of kotor montenegro
A look from our patio in the morning; our apartment in Montenegro had a spectacular view of the Bay of Kotor.

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Is Montenegrin Vranac Capable of Producing Top-Tier Wines?
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The ideas expressed in this article are personal opinions and are not associated with any sponsors or business promotions. The feature image and bottle image are from Plantaže’s website. 

Exotic Wine Travel
Exotic Wine Travel
Explorers of the lesser-known and exotic wine regions. Authors of the book Uncorking the Caucasus: Wines from Turkey, Armenia, and Georgia.

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